What are Cysts?

Cysts are fairly common skin blemishes that appear as sac-like cavities under or above the skin. They are typically filled with fluid, pus, or air and vary in size. They can appear almost anywhere on the body. Although they may cause some concern, in many cases, they’re noncancerous and can be easily treated. Though most cysts don’t cause any pain, some can induce irritation or discomfort, depending on the location and size. Larger cysts are usually surgically removed and sent for evaluation to make sure they’re actually benign. If you have one or more cysts that are causing you pain or are in a sensitive area, contact Arizona Skin Institute to schedule a consultation with skilled dermatologist Dr. Jay Mehta. We can provide an accurate diagnosis and treatment strategy based on your needs and medical history. If you live in Surprise, AZ, or the Greater Phoenix area, call our office today.

What causes Cysts?

There are numerous types of cysts, and the exact cause will vary, but cysts are most commonly linked to infection, inherited diseases, chronic inflammation, and blocked oil glands. Cysts can also grow near a foreign body or piercing in the skin, such as earrings. Even though the vast majority of cysts are benign, some are cancerous. We’ll perform a comprehensive skin analysis to determine the cause and the best treatment program for eliminating existing and preventing future growths.

Treatments for Cysts

At Arizona Skin Institute, we offer several treatment options for cysts, depending on their size and location. The standard form of treatment involves draining the growth or injecting it with cortisone to reduce its size. If the cyst is causing chronic irritation or is in a sensitive area, we generally recommend surgical excision. Cyst removal can also be performed for cosmetic reasons to achieve a clearer, healthier-looking complexion. The good news is that we can effectively treat most types of cysts once we establish the exact cause.


Cysts are often harmless, but we encourage anyone who is worried about a lump beneath their skin to get it checked out as soon as possible. At Arizona Skin Institute in Surprise, AZ near Phoenix, we can perform a thorough skin exam and create a custom treatment plan that is right for you. Don’t let fear hold you back from getting the care you need!